The Effect of Fire Ants on Monarchs Breeding in Texas

First Author: 

  • Calvert


  • Book Chapter




  • The Monarch Butterfly


  • Monarch research, Natural enemies

Full Reference: 

Calvert WH. 2004. The Effect of Fire Ants on Monarchs Breeding in Texas. Pages 47-54 in Oberhauser KS, Solensky MJ, eds. The Monarch Butterfly: Biology and Conservation. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Study Setting: 

  • Field

Geographic Focus: 

  • Eastern Breeding

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list