Library

Welcome to the monarch library! Our goal is to include all peer-reviewed articles on monarch biology with links to sites that will give you the easiest direct access to each article. Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu if you 1) know of an article not included, 2) find a mistake in any of the listed articles, 3) know of a better link to access an article. Thanks! With your help we can provide the most complete, informative access to all papers on monarch biology.

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list

975 result(s)
Category: Resource use
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Kelsey E Fisher, Steven P Bradbury, Estimating Perceptual Range of Female Monarch Butterflies (Danaus plexippus) to Potted Vegetative Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) and Blooming Nectar Resources, Environmental Entomology, 2021;, nvab058, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvab058

Category: GMO/toxins, Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Grant, T.J., Krishnan, N. and Bradbury, S.P. (2021), Conservation risks and benefits of establishing monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) breeding habitats close to maize and soybean fields in the north central United States: A landscape-scale analysis of the impact of foliar insecticide on nonmigratory monarch butterfly populations. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 17: 989-1002.

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 2021
James, David G. "Western North American Monarchs: Spiraling into Oblivion or Adapting to a Changing Environment?: " Animal Migration, vol. 8, no. 1, 2021, pp. 19-26. https://doi.org/10.1515/ami-2021-0002

Category: GMO/toxins, Environmental performance, Resource use
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Knight, SM, Flockhart, DTT, Derbyshire, R, Bosco, MG, Norris, DR. Experimental field evidence shows milkweed contaminated with a common neonicotinoid decreases larval survival of monarch butterflies. J Anim Ecol. 2021; 90: 1742– 1752. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13492

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Crone EE, Schultz CB. Resilience or Catastrophe? A possible state change for monarch butterflies in western North America. Ecology Letters. 2021;24:1533–1538. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13816

Category: Overwinter dynamics, Habitat, Conservation/social dimensions
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Gómez-Pineda, E., Blanco-García, A., Lindig-Cisneros, R. et al. Pinus pseudostrobus assisted migration trial with rain exclusion: maintaining Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve forest cover in an environment affected by climate change. New Forests (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11056-021-09838-1

Category: Natural enemies
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Felipe Dargent, Sydney M. Gilmour, Emma A. Brown, Rees Kassen, and Heather M. Kharouba. Low prevalence of the parasite Ophryocystis elektroscirrha at the range edge of the eastern North American monarch (Danaus plexippus) butterfly population. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 99(5): 409-413. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2020-0175

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Fordyce JA, Nice CC and Forister ML. (2020) Commentary: Evaluating the Migration Mortality Hypothesis Using Monarch Tagging Data. Front. Ecol. Evol. 8:604914. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2020.604914

Category:
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Forister ML, Halsch CA, Nice CC, Fordyce JA, Dilts TE, Oliver JC, Prudic KL, Shapiro AM, Wilson JK, Glassberg J. Fewer butterflies seen by community scientists across the warming and drying landscapes of the American West. Science. 2021 Mar 5;371(6533):1042-1045. doi: 10.1126/science.abe5585. PMID: 33674492.

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Lawson, N., Vane-Wright, R.I. and Boppré, M. (2021), The puzzle of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) and their association with plants containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Ecol Entomol. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.13051

Category: Environmental performance, Population dynamics, Monarch research
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Stevenson M, Hudman KL, Scott A, Contreras K, Kopachena JG. High Survivorship of First-Generation Monarch Butterfly Eggs to Third Instar Associated with a Diverse Arthropod Community. Insects. 2021; 12(6):567. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060567

Category: Migration, Techniques
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Merlin, C, Iiams, SE, Lugena, AB. 2020. Monarch Butterfly Migration Moving into the Genetic Era. Trends in Genetics, 36(9):689-701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tig.2020.06.011.

Category: Migration, Natural enemies, Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2021
James, David G.; Kappen, Linda. 2021. "Further Insights on the Migration Biology of Monarch Butterflies, Danaus plexippus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from the Pacific Northwest" Insects 12, no. 2: 161. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12020161

Category: GMO/toxins, Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Shephard, A.M., Mitchell, T.S., Snell-Rood, E.C. 2021. Monarch caterpillars are robust to combined exposure to the roadside micronutrients sodium and zinc. Conservation Physiology 9(1): 1-15 | https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coab061.

Category: Population dynamics, Monarch research
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Zylstra, E.R., Ries, L., Neupane, N. et al. Changes in climate drive recent monarch butterfly dynamics. Nat Ecol Evol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01504-1

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This database is a work in progress and is likely to contain several omissions and mistakes.
Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu with any additions or corrections.