Library

Welcome to the monarch library! Our goal is to include all peer-reviewed articles on monarch biology with links to sites that will give you the easiest direct access to each article. Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu if you 1) know of an article not included, 2) find a mistake in any of the listed articles, 3) know of a better link to access an article. Thanks! With your help we can provide the most complete, informative access to all papers on monarch biology.

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list

979 result(s)
Category: Physiology/behavior, Migration
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Bode-Oke AT, Dong H. 2020 The reverse flight of a monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is characterized by a weight-supporting upstroke and postural changes. J. R. Soc. Interface 17: 20200268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2020.0268

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Sourakov, A. 2019. Opinion: the Future of Monarch Migration in Light of its Past. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 61(4):196-197

Category: Evolution/range, GMO/toxins, Monarch research
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Karageorgi M, Groen SC, Sumbul F, Pelaez JN, Verster KI, Aguilar JM, Hastings AP, Bernstein SL, Matsunaga T, Astourian M, Guerra G, Rico F, Dobler S, Agrawal AA, and NK Whiteman. 2019. Genome editing retraces the evolution of toxin resistance in the monarch butterfly. Nature 574, 409-412 | doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1610-8

Category: Evolution/range, Orientation, Migration
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Billings, J. 2019. Opening a window on southwestern Monarchs: fall migrant Monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus (L.), tagged synchronously in southeastern Arizona migrate to overwintering regions in either southern California or central Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 73(4):257-267.

Category: Commentary or review, Overwinter dynamics, Migration, Resource use
Type: Article
Year: 2019
James DG, and TA James. 2019. Migration and overwintering in Australian monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)): A review with new observations and research needs. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society (73(3):177-190.

Category: Commentary or review, Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Boyle JH, Dalgleish HJ, and JR Puzey. 2019Reply to Wepprich and Ries et al.: Alternative methods do not provide support for the contribution of GM crops to monarch declines. Reply to Wepprich and Ries et al.: Alternative methods do not provide support for the contribution of GM crops to monarch declines. PNAS 116(28):13749-13750 | https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1908593116

Category: Migration, Environmental performance, Physiology/behavior, Resource use, Hostplant biology, Conservation/social dimensions
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Majewska AA, and S Altizer. 2019. Exposure to Non-Native Tropical Milkweed Promotes Reproductive Development in Migratory Monarch Butterflies . Insects 8(10):253 | https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080253

Category: Environmental performance, Migration, Population dynamics, Conservation/social dimensions
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Crewe TL, Mitchell GW, and M Larrivée. 2019. Size of the Canadian Breeding Population of Monarch Butterflies Is Driven by Factors Acting During Spring Migration and Recolonization. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution Evol., 14 August 2019 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00308

Category: Resource use, Natural enemies, Environmental performance, Conservation/social dimensions, Natural enemies
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Majewska AA, Satterfield DA, Harrison RB, Altizer S, and J Hepinstall-Cymerman. 2019. Urbanization predicts infection risk by a protozoan parasite in non-migratory populations of monarch butterflies from the southern coastal U.S. and Hawaii. Landscape Ecology 34(3):649-661 | https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-019-00799-7

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2019
James, D.G. (2019). A Neonicotinoid Insecticide at a Rate Found in Nectar reduces Longevity but not Oogenesis in Monarch Butterflies, Danaus plexippus (L.). (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Insects 10, 276. doi: 10.3390/insects10090276

Category: Natural enemies
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Hermann, S.L., Blackledge, C., Haan, N.L., Myers, A.T., Landis, S.A. (2019) Predators of monarch butterfly eggs and neonate larvae are more diverse than previously recognised. Scientific Reports. 9, 1-9.

Category: Migration
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Kass, J.M., Anderson, R.P., Espinosa‐Lucas, A., Juárez‐Jaimes, V., Martínez‐Salas, E., Botello, F., Tavera, G., Flores‐Martínez, J.J. and Sánchez‐Cordero, V. (2020), Biotic predictors with phenological information improve range estimates for migrating monarch butterflies in Mexico. Ecography, 43: 341-352. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.04886

Category: Resource use, Hostplant dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Baker AM and Potter DA (2019) Configuration and Location of Small Urban Gardens Affect Colonization by Monarch Butterflies. Front. Ecol. Evol. 7:474. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00474

Category: Migration, Environmental performance
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Knight SM, Pitman GM, Flockhart DTT, Norris DR. 2019 Radio-tracking reveals how wind and temperature influence the pace of daytime insect migration. Biol. Lett. 15: 20190327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0327

Category: Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2019
Leone, J. B., Larson, D. L., Larson, J. L., Pennarola, P., & Oberhauser, K. (2019). Adult monarch (Danaus plexippus) abundance is higher in burned sites than in grazed sites. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 435.

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This database is a work in progress and is likely to contain several omissions and mistakes.
Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu with any additions or corrections.