Library

Welcome to the monarch library! Our goal is to include all peer-reviewed articles on monarch biology with links to sites that will give you the easiest direct access to each article. Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu if you 1) know of an article not included, 2) find a mistake in any of the listed articles, 3) know of a better link to access an article. Thanks! With your help we can provide the most complete, informative access to all papers on monarch biology.

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list

975 result(s)
Category: Migration, Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Momeni-Dehaghi, I., Bennett, J. R., Mitchell, G. W., Rytwinski, T., & Fahrig, L. (2021). Mapping the premigration distribution of eastern Monarch butterflies using community science data. Ecology and Evolution, 11, 11275– 11281. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7912

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Freedman, MG, de Roode, JC, Forister, ML, et al. Are eastern and western monarch butterflies distinct populations? A review of evidence for ecological, phenotypic, and genetic differentiation and implications for conservation. Conservation Science and Practice. 2021; 3:e432. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.432

Category: Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Andrew K. Davis "Evaluating Cardiac Reactions of Monarch Butterflies to Human Handling across Three Life Stages," The Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 74(1), 43-50, (16 March 2020). https://doi.org/10.18473/lepi.74i1.a5

Category: Physiology/behavior, Evolution/range, Migration, Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Freedman, MG, Dingle, H, Strauss, SY, Ramírez, S. 2020. Two centuries of monarch butterfly collections reveal contrasting effects of range expansion and migration loss on wing traits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.117(46): 28887-28893. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2001283117

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Bargar TA, Hladik ML, Daniels JC. 2020. Uptake and toxicity of clothianidin to monarch butterflies from milkweed consumption. PeerJ 8:e8669 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8669

Category: Resource use, Habitat, Hostplant biology
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Lukens L, Kasten K, Stenoien C, Cariveau A, Caldwell W and Oberhauser K. (2020) Monarch Habitat in Conservation Grasslands. Front. Ecol. Evol. 8:13. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2020.00013

Category: GMO/toxins, Monarch research
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Halsch CA, Code A, Hoyle SM, Fordyce JA, Baert N and Forister ML (2020) Pesticide Contamination of Milkweeds Across the Agricultural, Urban, and Open Spaces of Low-Elevation Northern California. Front. Ecol. Evol. 8:162. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2020.00162

Category: Environmental performance, Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Davis, A. K., Smith, F. M., & Ballew, A. M. (2020). A poor substitute for the real thing: captive-reared monarch butterflies are weaker, paler and have less elongated wings than wild migrants. Biology Letters, 16(4), 20190922.

Category: Evolution/range, Resource use, Population dynamics, Physiology/behavior, Hostplant biology
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Freedman MG, Jason C, Ramirez SR, and SY Strauss. 2020. Host plant adaptation during contemporary range expansion in the monarch butterfly. Evolution 74(2):377-391

Category: Environmental performance, Natural enemies, Resource use, Hostplant dynamics, Habitat, Conservation/social dimensions
Type: Thesis
Year: 2020
Baker AM. 2020. OPTIMIZING MONARCH BUTTERFLY AND BEE CONSERVATION EFFORTS IN THE URBAN LANDSCAPE. University of Kentucky Theses and Dissertations | https://doi.org/10.13023/etd.2020.101

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Krishnan N, Zhang Y, Bidne KG, Hellmich RL, Coats JR, and SP Bradbury. 2020. Assessing field‐scale risks of foliar insecticide applications to monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) larvae. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21 January 2020 | https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4672

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Redmond CT, Wallis L, Geis M, Williamson RC, and DA Potter. 2020. Strengths and limitations of Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae for managing Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica ) adults and grubs with caveats for cross‐order activity to monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus ) larvae. Pest Science Management 76(2):472-479 | https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.5532

Category: Physiology/behavior, Environmental performance, Hostplant biology
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Esmaile N and D Rodrigues. 2020. Attractiveness to highly informative flowers and absence of conditioning in the southern monarch butterfly. Behavioural Processes 175, June 2020, 104120 | https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2020.104120

Category: Environmental performance, Orientation, Resource use, Conservation/social dimensions, Habitat, Techniques
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Fisher KE, Adelman JS, and SP Bradbury. 2020. Employing Very High Frequency (VHF) Radio Telemetry to Recreate Monarch Butterfly Flight Paths. Environmental Entomology, Volume 49, Issue 2, April 2020, Pages 312–323, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvaa019

Category: Environmental performance, Natural enemies, Resource use, Population dynamics, Conservation/social dimensions, Habitat
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Baker AM and DA Potter. 2020. Invasive paper wasp turns urban pollinator gardens into ecological traps for monarch butterfly larvae. Scientific Reports 10, 9553. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66621-6

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This database is a work in progress and is likely to contain several omissions and mistakes.
Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu with any additions or corrections.