Library

Welcome to the monarch library! Our goal is to include all peer-reviewed articles on monarch biology with links to sites that will give you the easiest direct access to each article. Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu if you 1) know of an article not included, 2) find a mistake in any of the listed articles, 3) know of a better link to access an article. Thanks! With your help we can provide the most complete, informative access to all papers on monarch biology.

Field Definitions

First author: Last name of the first author
Type: Article or book chapter
Year: Publication year
Source: Journal or book
Category*: Broad scope of the publication.
Research topic (monarch & supporting research only)*: Specific topic.
Geographic focus*: Geographic setting for field studies.
Monitoring data used: Data from monitoring or public data efforts.
* Full list

979 result(s)
Category: Natural enemies
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Felipe Dargent, Sydney M. Gilmour, Emma A. Brown, Rees Kassen, and Heather M. Kharouba. Low prevalence of the parasite Ophryocystis elektroscirrha at the range edge of the eastern North American monarch (Danaus plexippus) butterfly population. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 99(5): 409-413. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2020-0175

Category:
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Forister ML, Halsch CA, Nice CC, Fordyce JA, Dilts TE, Oliver JC, Prudic KL, Shapiro AM, Wilson JK, Glassberg J. Fewer butterflies seen by community scientists across the warming and drying landscapes of the American West. Science. 2021 Mar 5;371(6533):1042-1045. doi: 10.1126/science.abe5585. PMID: 33674492.

Category: Commentary or review
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Crone EE, Schultz CB. Resilience or Catastrophe? A possible state change for monarch butterflies in western North America. Ecology Letters. 2021;24:1533–1538. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13816

Category: Evolution/range, Physiology/behavior, Hostplant dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Agrawal AA, Böröczky K, Haribal M, Hastings AP, White RA, Jiang RW, Duplais C. Cardenolides, toxicity, and the costs of sequestration in the coevolutionary interaction between monarchs and milkweeds. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 Apr 20;118(16):e2024463118. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2024463118. PMID: 33850021; PMCID: PMC8072370.

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Adams, K.L., Aljohani, A., Chavez, J. et al. Effects of cardenolides of milkweed plants on immunity of the monarch butterfly. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 15, 249–252 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11829-021-09812-w

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2021
Cardenolides, toxicity, and the costs of sequestration in the coevolutionary interaction between monarchs and milkweeds Anurag A. Agrawal, Katalin Böröczky, Meena Haribal, Amy P. Hastings, Ronald A. White, Ren-Wang Jiang, Christophe Duplais Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Apr 2021, 118 (16) e2024463118; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2024463118

Category: Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Andrew K. Davis "Evaluating Cardiac Reactions of Monarch Butterflies to Human Handling across Three Life Stages," The Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 74(1), 43-50, (16 March 2020). https://doi.org/10.18473/lepi.74i1.a5

Category: Population dynamics
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Brym MZ, Henry C, Lukashow-Moore SP, Henry BJ, van Gestel N, Kendall RJ. Prevalence of monarch (Danaus plexippus) and queen (Danaus gilippus) butterflies in West Texas during the fall of 2018. BMC Ecol. 2020 Jun 12;20(1):33. doi: 10.1186/s12898-020-00301-x. PMID: 32532338; PMCID: PMC7291465.

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Krishnan N, Zhang Y, Bidne KG, Hellmich RL, Coats JR, and SP Bradbury. 2020. Assessing field‐scale risks of foliar insecticide applications to monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) larvae. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21 January 2020 | https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4672

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Bargar TA, Hladik ML, Daniels JC. 2020. Uptake and toxicity of clothianidin to monarch butterflies from milkweed consumption. PeerJ 8:e8669 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8669

Category: Resource use, Habitat, Hostplant biology
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Lukens L, Kasten K, Stenoien C, Cariveau A, Caldwell W and Oberhauser K. (2020) Monarch Habitat in Conservation Grasslands. Front. Ecol. Evol. 8:13. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2020.00013

Category: GMO/toxins, Monarch research
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Halsch CA, Code A, Hoyle SM, Fordyce JA, Baert N and Forister ML (2020) Pesticide Contamination of Milkweeds Across the Agricultural, Urban, and Open Spaces of Low-Elevation Northern California. Front. Ecol. Evol. 8:162. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2020.00162

Category: Environmental performance, Physiology/behavior
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Davis, A. K., Smith, F. M., & Ballew, A. M. (2020). A poor substitute for the real thing: captive-reared monarch butterflies are weaker, paler and have less elongated wings than wild migrants. Biology Letters, 16(4), 20190922.

Category: Environmental performance, Natural enemies, Resource use, Hostplant dynamics, Habitat, Conservation/social dimensions
Type: Thesis
Year: 2020
Baker AM. 2020. OPTIMIZING MONARCH BUTTERFLY AND BEE CONSERVATION EFFORTS IN THE URBAN LANDSCAPE. University of Kentucky Theses and Dissertations | https://doi.org/10.13023/etd.2020.101

Category: GMO/toxins
Type: Article
Year: 2020
Redmond CT, Wallis L, Geis M, Williamson RC, and DA Potter. 2020. Strengths and limitations of Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae for managing Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica ) adults and grubs with caveats for cross‐order activity to monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus ) larvae. Pest Science Management 76(2):472-479 | https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.5532

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This database is a work in progress and is likely to contain several omissions and mistakes.
Please contact leslie.ries@georgetown.edu with any additions or corrections.